This chapter focuses on themes to approach the perennial issue of structure and agency from a new perspective. Themes and means overlap in the character and impact of the discussion over foreign policy. The overlap of public politics and governmental concerns was readily seen in the zeal with which the idea of Canadian gains was propagated and plans accordingly proposed. The ability of British commentators to appreciate the nuances of these differences and contrasts, and their consequences, varied. Criticism of the balance of power was countered by frequent arguments about its value. The ability of critics within the government as well as opposition Whigs and Tories to find common ground on naval strength helped ensure that the related trans-oceanic issue was given added traction. The trans-oceanic and naval themes can be described in realist terms, relating to particular challenges and opportunities, each as part of a more general situation of challenge and opportunity.