ABSTRACT

Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2003; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2001; Banks and Kayess, 1998; Brady and Grover, 1997; Butow, 1994; Clear, 2000; Cooper, 1999; Disability Information and Resource Centre Inc, 2007; Every Australian Counts, 2011 and 2012; Goggin and Newell, 2005; NDIS, 2014 Hastings, 1998; Healy, 2001; Howe and Burbidge, 2005; HREOC, 1993; Jolley, 1999; Macali, 2005; Malhotra, 2001; Newell, 2005; Ozdowski, 2002; PwC, 2011; Queensland Advocacy Incorporated, 2004a; State Records NSW, 2006; Van Dam and Cameron-McGill, 1995; Vicdeaf, 2011; Way, 2002,

Social movements have left a plethora of impressions throughout Australian history, initiating changes in public attitudes, government policy and legislation, as well as enhancing their participants’ quality of life and opportunities for inclusion. New social movements emerge as contemporary vehicles for social change collectively uniting people defined within the modern other and deconstructing the hierarchy of oppression (Mellucci, 1994; Swain, French and Cameron, 2003). Many groups have experienced oppression, but only a few have challenged the established order. The evidence of these challenges is what Clemens and Hughes (2002) term ‘footprints’ (p. 201).