As laymen, at least intuitively, we know that tales, stories, and narratives are relevant. Indeed, our perception of the world, our knowledge of other people, our cultural perspectives (including behavioural standards, social norms and values) are both the output of our lived experience, and the result of experiences we share with other fellow people, where narratives play a relevant role as a mode of communication. This book concerns the sociological relevance of narratives, of literary narratives in particular. When I started thinking of the subject of this monograph, I turned to my own recollections and memories. I tried to recall the stories which were part of my biographical background. Some traditional fables came to my mind, which my grandmother used to tell me in my southern Italian dialect, as well as some family stories, which moulded my identity during my childhood. As for literary narratives, I was able to recall a remarkable number of plots, characters, milieux, and atmospheres, almost as vividly as the oral stories of my childhood. They were real to me, just like the tales of my early life, although they had been experienced outside the lively context of social interaction. The literary narratives I have read are part of my personal experience, as much as the stories I heard in my family and social context. These brief autobiographical remarks are relevant to me for at least two reasons. The first is connected to the fact that the stories I have heard and read (as well as the stories that I still hear and read), contributed to defining the man I am, including my professional role as a professor of sociology and a social scientist: they are relevant components of the models of thought I adopt to approach reality, the concepts I use to categorize social facts and events, the typification upon which I construct my explication of the social; secondly, they justify, from a subjective and biographical perspective, my interest in the use of narratives (including literary ones) as a source for sociology.