This chapter examines some of the most pressing implications of the findings presented with regard to Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) management as well as regime studies. It focuses on the aggregate effects of a set of international regimes with fully or partly overlapping functional scopes, returns to these regimes and derive implications of our findings for their further implementation. A central concern is to identify potential ways of breaking out of the emerging anti-commons tragedy of PGRFA management. The Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA) is an agreement between the provider of a genetic resource and the receiver, stipulating the conditions for transfer of the material. Because it is standardized, it is used equally by relevant actors in all countries and international organizations that are Parties to the ITPGRFA. The chapter shows how regimes influenced by structural power have affected the management of PGRFA in the Philippines.