This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book brings together intellectual concerns from both of these influential formations within Romantic studies in its engagement with the cultural politics of the liberal bourgeois and radical plebeian publics of the early nineteenth century. With an equal benefit drawn from respective cultural historiographies of the radical English long eighteenth century and the Scottish Enlightenment published over a more extended period of time, that the institutional histories of these publics constitute key intellectual tributaries feeding into the British public sphere of the Romantic period. This academic interpretation as rich and rewarding as it have the direct and insistent critical voices of the Romantic public sphere, asserting their moral authority over the evolving cultural identity of the country. The intellectual and cultural conflict carried out within the British public sphere of the Romantic period traced was fundamentally shaped by the rival national cultural histories.