This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book examines the expressions of sexuality and sexual citizenship in a variety of contemporary French popular culture genres and first-person narratives. French gays and lesbians, in the context of the gay press, draw to some degree from a global gay model of sexual citizenship that involves Anglo-American terms related to leisure, consumerism, gay pride, safe sex, and HIV/AIDS education. French sexual citizens rely on a queer French language of non-identitarian desire crystalized in Genet. The sexual outlaw emerges as a forceful alternative to the good or integrated French citizen and the Anglo-American, neo-liberal consumer citizen. The current French republican system and its language of sexual citizenship represent a paradox or a double-edged sword. While it protects gays and lesbians by providing them equal rights, it does not provide them visibility as a particular group.