One of the most enduring legacies of the 2001 riots is most likely to be the emergence

of the official discourse and policy of ‘community cohesion’. The riots triggered a

major shift in government public discourse around race, ethnicity, religion, national

identity and citizenship. Following the terrorist attacks on New York in September

2001 and London in July 2005, the stakes in this were further heightened. Implicated

in this debate has been a wholesale rejection of the discourse of multiculturalism.