Armed conflicts, inter-communal tensions, organisations, effects of climate change and poverty triggered large-scale displacement across Africa. For decades the sub-Saharan African region topped the list of regions most affected by displacement. The Central African Republic, South Sudan, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Somalia have a significant number of their population internally displaced. According to the 2015 Global Overview of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, there were 11.4 million IDPs across 22 countries. Conflicts and violence remain the most significant triggers of displacement in these countries. Millions across the continent are leaving rural areas to urban centres seeking better opportunities. Major public infrastructure and development projects put pressure on local livelihoods and displace communities. Effects of climate change, urbanisation and competition among communities over resources have also become sources of great concern.