The Kampala Convention is a pioneering regional legal instrument that provides a comprehensive and binding legal framework for the protection and assistance of IDPs in Africa. The importance of its adoption was widely recognised by international and regional bodies and organisations, namely, the General Assembly, the Human Rights Council, the Executive Committee of UNHCR and the former RSG. The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights endorsed the Convention, and the Special Rapporteur of the Commission recognised it as one of the most important legal instruments in the continent. Africa can truly take pride in being the region to have adopted the first binding legal instrument on internal displacement. This book has examined the background, evolution and the future implementation challenges facing this pioneering legal instrument. It underscored the need to examine the Convention within the institutional and normative developments both at the regional and the international levels.