This chapter focuses on examples applicable to the hardware encountered in artificial intelligence, neuroscience, biology and psychiatry. The habit of projecting a visualization of one’s reality belief into one’s sensations is so fundamental to the operations as cognitive beings that it is hard to give up. The general impact for science is therefore not an elimination of projection per se but rather a change in the reality belief that is being projected. The artificial intelligence proponents are quite right. If material in human form can support consciousness in biological systems there should be no fundamental reason why it could not happen in any arbitrary material. The tools and methodologies of neuroscience are largely based upon the Aristotelian belief in an independent objective reality that we see through the window of the senses, and the classic physics that support this world view. The discovery of the microscope allowed the identification of neurons connected by a network of dendrites and axons.