The US and Gulf Security
DOI link for The US and Gulf Security
The US and Gulf Security book
The year 1971 is often used as a convenient date for determining when responsibility for Gulf security shifted from British to the US. But in many ways, this is an artificial threshold, since the process of 'changing the guard' occurred gradually over the course of several decades. British withdrawal from the Gulf was completed, not initiated, in 1971. The process of withdrawal from the Gulf was but one small part of a much more drawn-out withdrawal from the longstanding British position 'East of Suez'. The Second World War marks the beginning of the decline of British interests in the larger region, with the gradual and cumulative divestiture of interests in India, East Africa and the Middle East. In the Arabian Peninsula, this process had involved the granting of independence to Kuwait under peaceful conditions in 1961 and the more violent departure from Aden in late 1967.