This chapter tracks the implementation of the ordinancebased on theConvention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women in San Francisco and of the European Charter for the Safeguarding of Human Rights in the City in Barcelona, as part of the human rights ‘governance’ of the city. A focus is placed on processes of mainstreaming human rights within the local government, which both policies more or less explicitly advocate. The term governance is used here to emphasise both the opportunities available to a variety of human rights agents to provide inputs and ideas to policy-making. At the same time, it helps locating human rights implementation within broader constraints placed on participation within institutional politics and the neoliberal rationality that informs the production of much urban policy. Similar to the previous chapter, I am interested in examining the role of the law in enabling and constraining different human rights actions. The first part focusses on different stages of implementation of CEDAW in San Francisco while the second part examines the gender analysis of city departments. The third part offers, via the example of the ECHRC in Barcelona, a case in which human rights have struggled to move beyond their own department and sector to inform more systematically different policy areas.