The strong economic growth in China has provided a range of opportunities for SMEs, particularly due to the increases in the middle class numbers in China and increased urbanisation. The book uses data collected from 35 SMEs operating in China, representing a range of industries including construction, manufacturing, agricultural, finance and services. It identified both the effect and process of motivation, institutional forces, innovation, human resources, social and business networks, liabilities, business resources and capabilities and entrepreneurship on the SME’s internationalisation and management of their business in China. The limited literature on SME internationalisation and the difference between the business conditions in China and the countries from which most of the extant SME internationalisation data has been collected provides an opportunity for the findings in all these research areas to make a significant contribution to literature. This chapter introduces the chapters in the book and provides descriptive information about the data collected and its analysis.