World-Systems of Foragers
DOI link for World-Systems of Foragers
World-Systems of Foragers book
This chapter examines the lives of people in small egalitarian foraging (hunter-gatherer) societies in which the main institutions were based on peoples’ agreements about what is good and the nature of reality. We begin with a further discussion of the kinds of evidence that social scientists use to understand small-scale societies. And we examine the nature of intersocietal interaction networks among small-scale societies. The chapter also discusses the migrations that peopled the earth. We describe societies of big-game hunting
nomads and the eventual emergence of diversified foraging, in which people began to live in the first, more permanent hamlets and villages. And we contrast the ways in which egalitarian societies organize politics, economics, and beliefs about the world with the more familiar (to us) practices of complex and hierarchical societies.