This final chapter echoes some of the points made in the previous one and develops them further with respect to the larger Euro-Mediterranean region. Migration is an important feature of this region and arguably constitutes the greatest challenge facing critical pedagogy, in this part of the world, at the beginning of the new millennium. As underlined at the 1997 Civil Forum EuroMed:

The mass-scale immigration involving people crossing over from North Africa into Southern Europe renders the Mediterranean “a kind of Rio Grande” (Malabotta, 2002, p. 73). This gives rise to the presence of “guest workers” who are often victims of terrible exploitative situations with regard to conditions of work, payment, and the precariousness of their existence. Paulo Freire, to whom reference will be made throughout this chapter because of his relevance for some of the issues concerning migration encountered in this region, addressed this point.