This chapter examines the relationship between culture and power as a first crucial step toward developing a foundation for a critical bicultural approach to education in the United States. Through understanding the nature of this relationship in American society, educators can begin to examine the power relations that ultimately result in the subordination of bicultural students. Only through examining the link between culture and power can a critical theory of cultural democracy emerge. By incorporating the participation and voices of students of color into the discourse of public schooling, such a theory can sustain conditions that will support their emancipatory needs.