The fight between environmentalists and loggers in southwest Oregon grew so ugly that by the early 1990s many on both sides were carrying guns. The vast, once-pristine Applegate River watershed had been over-logged, over-mined, and over-grazed, leaving forests clear-cut and stumpy, tributaries muddy, and fish populations struggling. Jack Shipley the conservationist grew up in Texas, went to Texas Tech, and received an advanced degree in resource planning in Oregon. Jim Neal was born and raised in a logging camp in Midwestern Oregon, about 15 miles outside of a town of 400 people. At Oregon State he got a degree to become a forest engineer. The Applegate Partnership is volunteer-based and non-hierarchical. AP has many ambitious projects involving many partners and the community at large. Among its accomplishments: Innovative logging plan: Overcrowded timberland poses a fire risk, but is also home to scores of wildlife species.