Planetary climate change is among the most international of problems. Across the United States, communities are working to stop climate change. The political opportunities for addressing climate change can be witnessed in the experience of Columbia, Missouri. The Roanoke Valley of southern Virginia may seem an unlikely place to wage a campaign to address the threat of global climate change, which until quite recently was thought of as a liberal conspiracy. The Bush Administration has been particularly hostile to international efforts to halt climate change; one of Bush's first acts after taking office in 2001 was to express White House opposition to the Kyoto plan, which the president called an unrealistic and ever-tightening straightjacket. The centerpiece of international efforts to address climate change is the Kyoto Protocol. Under both Democratic and Republican control, the US Senate has refused to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, which has been adopted by every advanced industrial nation except Australia.