This chapter summarises the findings of the book and makes some tentative predictions for the future. Rather than seeing the immigration policy regime in terms of its functions for employers, it argues that policies reflect the fundamental conflicts faced by states today, which reflect contradictions in the underlying political economy. The fractious nature of policy-making around immigration speaks to the increasingly irresolvable nature of these conflicts as economic growth slows and the quality of work deteriorates for many. Concerns about immigration are, in many ways, a red herring; the bigger picture is a crisis in the underlying political economy, which will affect both immigrant and native alike.