Role of civil society
DOI link for Role of civil society
Role of civil society book
Some scholars (Bernhard 1993; Diamond 1999; Friedman and Hochstetler 2002; Graham Yooll 1985; Linz and Stepan 1996) say that civil society is either conducive or necessary for democratic transition and consolidation. This chapter fi rst briefl y discusses the historical concept of civil society. Then, it chronologically examines the status and the role of civil society since Myanmar’s independence under the different regimes. It looks at civil society both within the country and across the borders. Civil society across the borders refers to the organisations formed by Myanmar expatriates or people who had been forced to leave the country during the years of military rule. By civil society, I mean associations or organisations formed by groups of individuals. In other words, civil society is the arena of association between the individual and the state. Civil society can be social, religious or political in nature.