ABSTRACT

During the 1970, the funds for the family planning programme were drastically cut because of adverse economic climate in the country. Within the country, the family planning programme was made a part of a package along with maternal and child health services, malaria control, vaccination and sanitation services. The country faced acute economic and political problems. Food production had fallen, inflation soared and balance of payment was disrupted because of increase in oil prices. Sanjay Gandhi declared that family planning must be given the utmost attention and importance because all our industrial, economic and agricultural progress would be of no use if the population continued to rise at the present rate. Sanjay Gandhi was therefore able to bring considerable personal pressure on all government agencies, the political leaders and government bureaucrats in North Indian states who appeared too eager to comply. In January 1980, Mrs Gandhi's Congress Party returned overwhelmingly to power.