In order to appreciate the nature of the urban crisis currently confronting all categories of underdeveloped countries, it is useful to indicate what implications should stem from the urbanization of a country. In this regard, the statement by Senator Ribicoff at the opening of congressional hearings on urban problems in the United States in 1966, provides the most succinct expression of what urbanization should entail for the people of a country. To quote him:

The city is not just housing and stores. It is not just education and employment, parks and theatres, banks and shops. It is a place where men should be able to live in dignity and security and harmony, where the great achievements of modern civilization and the ageless pleasures afforded by natural beauty should be available to all.1