In the preceding chapters, underdeveloped countries have been treated as if each one of them were a closed system with few or no relations with other countries of the world (except in their ‘colonial’ status). Indeed, the impression could easily have been formed that any of these countries could be developed without giving serious thought to its external relations. Yet, just as improved transportation and communications as well as the enhanced movements of people, goods and information have made for closer integration within a country, these same factors on a global scale have brought about greater interdependence among the countries of the world.1 Hence, no view of the development process is complete without consideration being given to how this affects and is affected by the external relations of a country.