Some early archaeologists dug for profit, others out of intellectual curiosity. None was more single-minded than Heinrich Schliemann, a German businessman (Traill, 1995). In his early forties he gave up business, married a young Greek woman, and set out to find Homer’s legendary city of Troy in 1871. His hectic search ended at the mound of Hissarlik in northwestern Turkey, already identified as Troy by the local American consul, Frank Calvert. Schliemann recruited 150 men and moved 325,000 cubic yards of soil in his early seasons (Figure 1.1). He proved the Homeric legends had some basis in reality, but his archaeological methods were brutal; he destroyed almost as much as he discovered.