Sprawl and Regional Solutions
DOI link for Sprawl and Regional Solutions
Sprawl and Regional Solutions book
For well more than a century cities and urban regions in the United States have been growing ever outward. During the twentieth century the central cities became ringed by independent suburban jurisdictions; by 2000, the U.S. Census counted 87,849 local governments in the United States. For a long time scholars have noted that the extreme fragmentation of urban regions makes it difficult to find solutions to problems that are truly regional in scope. The sprawled metropolis has also spawned a set of chronic problems; urban sprawl is blamed for everything from traffic congestion and gridlock to air pollution, the loss of open space and farmland, polluted water, and even obesity. And yet it is hard to envision a solution because the old urban form, which found a central city surrounded by spreading suburbs, is giving way to a metropolitan pattern characterized by many nodes of activity. A lively debate is being waged about how to solve the problems of today’s urban regions. Some people call for governmental reform, but at the other end of the spectrum some question whether sprawl is a problem at all.