The preceding chapters of this book make a theoretical case for the importance of reframing creativity as a distributed and participatory process, especially within the educational sphere. But, as noted in Chapter 1, the tractor beams of our individualistic culture are strong. Considering all of the cultural hype around creative geniuses that has long structured our common understandings of what it means to be an innovator and achieve greatness, it is no surprise that, from time to time, we may cast doubt on a social theory of creativity. The chapters ahead aim to illustrate and provide support for such a theory. To do so, it is important to first understand how creativity researchers have pursued the study of creative individuals from a more traditional, individual-based perspective-and then to provide an alternative, though similar, approach to studying creativity from a more distributed and participatory perspective.