I have chosen the history of psychoanalysis as my topic in order to address a point of urgency in current psychoanalysis: the danger of becoming a latter-day Tower of Babel. That famous tower was intended to reach Heaven, but the project was abandoned when God confounded its builders’ languages as a punishment for their pride. In my view the fact that different schools of psychoanalytic thought and practice compete, calls for a re-evaluation of the history of psychoanalysis.