This chapter explains thoughts on why public speaking is so significant and essential to many communicative contexts, and discusses the basics of public speaking. In order to understand the inner workings of the communicative act in which the speaker is engaged, a basic model of communication is introduced. The model shows the reader graphically the component parts of the message and how they act interdependently during all phases of speech production. Memorized speeches free up the speaker more than scripted speeches. The chapter introduces the ingredients, the essential parts of speech-making and delivery. Passion will always remain an overarching all-encompassing consideration when giving a speech. Three components are essential to effective speech-making: a command of language, a command of logic and knowledge of the audience. Relative to the communicative setting and the demographic and psychographic makeup of the audience, different distances can have varied effects on the listeners.