The authentic self 110 112 112
DOI link for The authentic self 110 112 112
The authentic self 110 112 112 book
Although the self has always played a more or less important role in psychiatry (Gallagher, 2000), in the DSM the self is not taken into account (van de Kraats et al., 2012). However, many psychiatric patients report that they feel that they are no longer themselves. Do we know what the self is and how we can lose or find it? In the work of many philosophers, scientists and writers, the topic of finding one’s true self (also called self-actualization, individuation, authenticity, true identity) is of great importance. Finding yourself can be a road to connect to a deeper, ancient, ego-transcendent part of the human mind (see also Chapter 4). To take the subjective experience of patients more seriously than in the current paradigm, we should define the authentic self and try to formulate an answer to the question: How do people lose themselves and how can they find themselves again? To gain more insight into the concept of authentic self, the following paragraphs will summarize the work of some of our greatest thinkers, writers and scientists who wrote about this topic. Subsequently their ideas are synthesized and the relevance to psychiatry discussed.