Retrospect and prospect
DOI link for Retrospect and prospect
Retrospect and prospect book
Of course this approach was developed partly a priori to the case study material of this book and other empirical work, and partly in response to it. Nonetheless, it is perhaps useful to review how the approach has fared in the light of the case studies. The variety of social and environmental causes of land degradation is clearly enormous, and explanation of any one instance is usually complicated and beset by uncertainty. It is commonplace to say that each instance of land degradation is highly conjunctural, which implies that it cannot be satisfactorily theorized. Our approach attempts to build a theory which allows for complexity, and identifies the sources of that complexity. The contrasting outcomes of the three Indonesian communities' efforts to manage their land in chapter 9B defy single hypothesis explanations. The bewildering complexity produced by inter-relating environmental variability in resilience and sensitivity with social and economic variations in agricultural production, as evidenced in New Guinea (chapter 8B) or Nepal (chapter 2, section 4), must point to conditional and multiple hypotheses, not universal nor single ones.