This chapter discusses how disability is defined in the United States by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. It examines how disability is defined and seen in other parts of the world. This chapter describes the types of discrimination people with disabilities have faced as well as their employment statistics relative to persons without a disability. It suggests that United Nations for handling disabilities in a fair manner and providing equal opportunity in the workplace. Disability has been described as a socially constructed concept where differences between people become disabling when some individuals are not fully integrated into society. Employers sometimes express concerns about the cost of accommodating employees with disabilities, but research shows that most accommodations cost nothing or a modest sum. Worldwide, the data show that people with disabilities have lower employment rates than people without disabilities.