The Philosophical Context
DOI link for The Philosophical Context
The Philosophical Context book
Three interrelated dualisms have characterized modern, as opposed to ancient, philosophy: dualism of mind and body, dualism of inner and outer and dualism of thought and will. The fi rst of these is what would generally be understood by the unqualifi ed term “dualism”, and is primarily a metaphysical theory or family of theories, being concerned with the question what sorts of things exist. (Answer: mental things and material things.) The second dualism is perspectival in nature, being associated with such fi rstpersonal questions as, “What am I?”, “What can I know?” and even “What can I so much as think about?” According to this second form of dualism, not only tables and chairs, but other people’s minds (if such are conceivable) will be part of the outer, or external, world-from the point of view of the person or mind considering the question.