This chapter describes current and cutting-edge data elicitation methods that can be used to investigate meaning-making within interaction in L2. It focuses on structured data collection tools such as open role plays that elicit an extended interaction around a pragmatic act. It also discusses conversation analysis approaches to role-play data and the use of authentic (e.g., natural conversation) and semi-authentic (e.g., elicited conversations, confederate scripting) data collection tools that help explain co-construction of pragmatic meaning during interaction. The chapter also discusses computer-mediated communication and corpus approaches with the advantages and disadvantages of each research method, and makes recommendations for future L2 studies that are situated within interactional pragmatics.