In August 1909 many newspapers and magazines in Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, and Buenos Aires reported the brief visit of Roque Sáenz Peña, the Argentine minister in Italy and candidate for president in the upcoming elections of 1910, to the Brazilian capital on his way home from Europe. A short time after the German steamship liner carrying the guest had entered the port, it was approached by several boats. On board were staff members of the local Argentine delegation, a representative of the Brazilian foreign ministry, the Peruvian Minister to Brazil, many Argentine delegates to the Fourth Latin American Medical Congress held in the city at that time, family members, and “a large group of porteño families and gentlemen,” including members of parliament, senators, and other public officials who arrived from Buenos Aires especially for the occasion. All of them had sailed to welcome the honorable guest. Once on shore, two automobiles sent by the Minister of Foreign Affairs picked him up for an intimate lunch at the Itamaraty Palace, seat of the Ministry. The festivities continued with a banquet that same evening in honor of the guest given by the distinguished group of Argentines, and a ball in honor of the participants of the medical congress later that night, again held at the Itamaraty.1