Both the Kuwaiti and non-Kuwaiti populations have grown rapidly; the Kuwaiti population has one of the highest growth rates in the world (about 4.5 percent from 1975 to 1980). The non-Kuwaiti population has an unusually high proportion of young and middle-aged adult males, many in construction and service jobs. The foreign population consists primarily of workers (sometimes accompanied by their families) who are in Kuwait to take advantage of the relatively high wages and the shortage of labor in all areas of employment. Jobs held by immigrants range from manual labor to imp"ortant government and managerial positions. Palestinians and Jordanians make up about 22 percent of the total population; Egyptians, 4 percent; other Arabs, about 15 percent; Iranians, Pakistanis, and Indians, about ten percent; and the remaining two percent come from Eastern and Western Europe, the Americas, and the Far East.