The essay upon which chapter 2 is based was written in the late 1970s, about ten years after the first Minnowbrook Conference and the publication of the original essay on social equity. By then, the so-called new public administration was no longer new, at least in terms of announcing itself. During the 1970s, there were the beginnings of sorting out of those parts of new public administration that were likely to endure and those that were not. It was also increasingly clear that the word “Minnowbrook” was coming to be the shorthand descriptor for the bundle of ideas and values associated with new public administration and that the phrase “new public administration” was slipping into history; today that phrase is seldom used, replaced by the so-called new public management, a rather different bundle of ideas and values.