ABSTRACT

Response to critiques In this chapter we respond to authors whose critiques and contributions prompt us to reconsider our original proposal of motivational systems theory. As we stated in [ . . . ], we expand our understanding of nonlinear dynamic systems theory (Shane & Coburn, 2002). In addition, we add an affiliative and a caregiving system to our prior conceptualization of five motivational systems: physiological regulation, attachment, exploratory/assertive, aversive, and sensual/sexual. Throughout this chapter, we consider fundamental aspects of psychic development: of maps and schemas, categories, affects, consciousness, regulatory capacities, and implicit and explicit affective/cognitive processing. In this way, we can establish the foundation for considering the relationship of motivational systems to one another, to the sense of wholeness of each individual, and to the intersubjective unfolding of one person’s intentions (motivations) in mutual interaction with the intentions (motivations) of others. In [ . . . ], we apply the theory of fractals for this exploration of relationships. We are then able to argue that discrete affects, intentions, and goals emerge from each of the seven motivational systems. Perception, cognition, memory, affects, and recursive awareness of the occurrence of the process are postulated as providing the foundations from which the motivations specific to each system unfold [ . . . ]. Finally, we delineate a nonconscious implicit level and a conscious explicit level and suggest that an affective metaphoric process makes linkages possible at each level and between each level. We believe that the significance of inference making for the unfolding of intentions and goals of each motivational system and recognition of others’ intentions and goals has been understated [ . . . ]. Finally, we emphasize that inferences are made at each level.