There are four things that make a real difference to the achievement of children with SEN or disabilities. They are:

l additional provision made by the school, in the form of time-limited, evidence-based intervention programmes to address gaps in children’s language, literacy, mathematical and social and emotional learning;

l interventions that extend beyond the school and involve outside agencies, from disabled children’s services to youth offending teams, in providing support to the child in the context of the family and community;

l the meaningful involvement of parents/carers and young people themselves, so as to increase aspiration, motivation and support at home;

l adaptations to everyday classroom teaching, signalled via teachers’ medium-and short-term planning.