The tower o f Cairo, a prominent feature by the Nile, epitomizes Egypts lost architectural identity No one knows fo r certain what it is. Built by CIA money, reported to have been a bribe to Abdel-Nasser that he didnt accept, it rises meaninglessly in Cairo's skyline. Hassan (1998: 212)

Data on the “frozen funds” were pieced together from many bits and pieces; the picture is far from complete and the conclusions are tentative. Still, nothing could prepare me for the surprise that US intelligence funds were frozen in Israel and used for Israeli archaeology.