Injustice and demands
DOI link for Injustice and demands
Injustice and demands book
Utilitarianism is a global ethic, where all distinctions between people must be justified in utilitarian terms. For utilitarians, the foundation of all morality - both individual and global - is the equal importance of the well-being of each human individual. Utilitarianism bases morality, not just on the welfare of New Zealanders or Americans or Europeans, but of all people in the world. Utilitarianism treats different people choices the same as same people choices. In different number choices, two common interpretations of utilitarianism come apart. These are total utilitarianism and average utilitarianism. The basic argument for total utilitarianism is simple. Total utilitarianism combines a particular theory of value with simple consequentialism. Person-affecting utilitarianism avoids the worst versions of the repugnant conclusion. The possibility of extending utilitarianism to the global level also provides a stark new example of both the demandingness objection and the partial compliance problem.