This chapter will begin to characterize the central dichotomy that gives Thomas Nagel’s work its unified character, namely, the dichotomy of the subjective versus the objective. It will describe Nagel’s conception of the aims of philosophy, introduce some concepts necessary to understand the idea of a representation from a point of view, explain the idea of the radically perspectival and discuss whether Nagel is committed to the controversial idea of a perspectival fact. This material will provide the framework for the discussions in the remainder of this book.