Education as Initiation
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Education as Initiation book
The concept of authority is inseparably connected with a rule-governed form of life. 'Authority' is most in evidence in the sphere of social control where people have authority systems; we speak of those 'in authority' or of 'the authorities'. In this sphere it must be distinguished from power with which it is too often confused by political theorists and sociologists alike. 'Power' basically denotes ways in which an individual subjects others to his will by means of physical coercion, or by psychological coercion. The concept of 'charisma' conflates two notions which have here been distinguished, that of being an authority in some sphere which is of concern to a group, e.g. religious values, and that of personal characteristics which enable people to exercise actual authority in the sphere of social control, which may include some kind of personal magnetism. In the teaching profession claims to knowledge are institutionalized by people being put in authority to transmit what has been discovered.