ABSTRACT

Despite these distinct backgrounds, it must not, however, be forgotten that the two cases share a number of joint characteristics. First of all, they both construct themselves as being Christian, thus being part of the majority of the first RNGOs that gained access to the UN during the 1940s and 1950s. Second, the two cases established their organizational structures during the early twentieth century, in this respect as peers to quite a number of other religiously affiliated organizations as well as the League of Nations and the UN. Third, from the very beginning, Pax Romana and the CCIA have been dominated by an explicitly global outlook that shaped their organizational structures as well as their internal discourses. And finally, the protagonists inside both cases perceived themselves as being particularly suited to work in a setting they interpreted as political and secular. So, with regard to Julia Berger’s classification (presented in Chapter 2), the two cases differ in terms of their religious dimension (or to be more precise: with regard to their Christian confession). They are, however, quite close to each other as far as their organizational dimension is concerned (both have a formal organizational structure that represents their worldwide agenda). In terms of the strategic dimension, the general mission of Pax Romana set out to be more specific (with the focus upon university students and education) than the mission of the CCIA. Throughout the first two decades of their UN-related activities, the agenda of both organizations became, however, increasingly more broad – covering a wide field of UN-related topics. And the same is true with regard to the service dimension. Over time, both cases developed a strong service-orientation with a global outlook. To better understand these similarities and differences, the following sections will look more closely at different steps of UN-related activities in the two cases. Actually, it is precisely this overall development that will be spelled out in greater detail by the following comparison. Highlighting the UN and the human rights discourse, the comparison of the two cases will underline three distinct phases that start from first attempts inside Pax Romana and the CCIA to approach the world of international politics.