The Positivist Turn
DOI link for The Positivist Turn
The Positivist Turn book
This chapter considers the impact of the technological imposition on Chinese architecture in the modern age. David van Zanten gives a three-part definition for Beaux-Arts approach: (1) A technique of progressive design elaboration that started with an idea and ended with a spatial form, which (2) posed certain selections among choices of shape and relationship, obliging the designer to take a philosophical stand, which thus (3) generated something that, at the last step, was adjusted to flash into three-dimensions as a pictorial manifestation of the originating idea. The Industrial Revolution that began in England in the mid-eighteenth century played a significant role in ushering China into the modern age. Prior to the Western-style pavilions, Chinese philosophy in the early Qing period already had some resonances with Greco-European preferences for empirically measurable data. In the Greco-European tradition, a building's façade has been the subject of theoretical contemplation since Vitruvius.