In this chapter, an attempt will be made to indicate something of the complexity of the educational map that is being missed in the general accounts of schooling. In the process it will become clear that there is a dearth of literature that looks at schooling in Africa from a cultural, social, and historical perspective. By 1990 the majority of the 41 states of sub-Saharan Africa will have experienced in the twentieth century some 60 years of colonial rule and some 30 years of independence. This basic change in the nature of aid from the missionary era to the present day is important for people's current discussion of the character of schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus far they have illustrated a number of ways in which the character of post-colonial schooling continues to be affected by some rather fundamental values which came to be taken for granted in the colonial period.