This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book illustrates the regional differences and trajectories of particular places at certain times and it considers the areas that do not seem to have seen much activity at all during the Neolithic. Once Neolithic things and practices were established across Britain and Ireland, the early Neolithic period saw several developments. There are some notable blanks in the archaeological record for the early Neolithic particularly in relation to monument construction. Aberdeenshire is notably quiet in the early Neolithic, especially when compared to the later Neolithic and Beaker periods. The construction of passage tombs across entire landscapes was modified but subsequently adopted across much of Britain and Ireland, in some areas with considerable vigour. Material culture in the form of beautifully made objects, and Grooved Ware in particular, expressed identity, descent and belonging.