This book emerged from my refl ections whilst taking some time to think and read during a short sabbatical in New England in the fall of 2013. My time visiting interesting colleagues at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard was punctuated by reading a range of literature in an attempt to re-energize my creative spirit. Despite periods of frustration and stuckness, of living with liminality and being unable to write the books and articles I desired, I also experienced irritation from reading negative perspectives about the relative value and impact of digital media on young people. The diffi culty, it seemed to me, was that there was a lot of pontifi cating based on relatively little evidence. Whilst this is not entirely still the case, there remains confusion and a number of unjustifi ed and strongly argued positions. Further, much of the currently referenced work (and probably still the most up to date) was based on research conducted in 2008 (e.g. Crook, 2008; Ito et al., 2010), but now, in 2015, it would appear things have moved on considerably. This text therefore reviews a diverse range of studies and opinions and seeks to shed light on a broader range of issues than those covered in other texts.