Motivation and personality
DOI link for Motivation and personality
Motivation and personality book
Cognitive behavioural therapies typically focus more on the question of what is occurring in a problematic situation as opposed to why the situation has occurred. This traditional focus has been highly productive as it has led to the identification of a wide range of cognitive and behavioural factors that are involved in the maintenance of forms of psychopathology. CBCT has sought to extend the focus on what is occurring in couple interaction to also include the question of why problematic patterns of couple interaction have arisen. Clinical observations suggest that couples frequently present with repetitive interaction cycles such as ‘demand-withdraw’ and ‘negative reciprocity’ that are triggered by, and are expressive of, key areas of conflict and tension in the relationship. This may include, for example, conflicts over the degree of intimacy desired, or the degree of individual autonomy seen as necessary by one or both partners. These sources of conflict may be related to what each individual brings to the relationship in terms of their relatively stable motives and personality styles (Epstein and Baucom, 2002). Clinicians can assist partners in understanding the reasons for some of their key struggles by assisting them to clarify how their individual differences in these areas are implicated.