DOI link for Jacques Maritain
Jacques Maritain book
Jacques Maritain (1882-1973), maternal grandson of Jules Favre, a leading architect of the ird French Republic, was the only son of a divorced, virulently anti-Catholic, Protestant, rationalist mother, Geneviève Favre and her lawyer husband, Paul Maritain. Maritain spent 1898-9 studying at the Lycée Henri IV, where he became friends with Ernest Renan’s grandson Ernest Psichari. In 1900 Maritain began studies at the Sorbonne, where he met his Jewish girlfriend and later wife, Raïssa Oumanço% , as well as Étienne Gilson and Charles Péguy, who took Jacques and Raïssa to attend Henri Bergson’s course at the Collège de France. In 1905 he met his spiritual godfather, Léon Bloy. An early and outspoken opponent of anti-Semitism before the Second World War, Maritain was later appointed by Charles de Gaulle as leader of the Free French in the United States and as his representative to President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the war. A political liberal, turned conservative, turned again liberal, maybe turned again conservative, Maritain was actively involved in major political issues of his day. He was a personal friend, among others, of Mortimer J. Adler, Saul Alinsky, Marc Chagall, Paul Claudel, Jean Cocteau, Dorothea Day, Caroline Gordon, Julien Green, John Howard Gri$ n, Robert M. Hutchins, Walter Lippmann, Gabriel Marcel, omas Merton, Pope Paul VI, Yves R. Simon and Allen Tate. A" er the Second World War, de Gaulle appointed Maritain French ambassador to the Vatican. Together with Gilson, Maritain was a major architect in designing and founding the United Nations and UNESCO, and was a chief author of the UN Declaration on Human Rights. He was recipient of Pope Paul’s “Message to Intellectuals” at the close of Vatican Council II, probably the chief in' uence on the development of post-Second World War Christian democratic movements throughout Europe and Latin America, and a main architect of the recent worldwide reconciliation between Catholics and Jews. Mortimer J. Adler has called him one of the three great philosophers of the twentieth century, Gilson and Bergson being the other two. Maritain’s major writings include: Antisemitism, Approaches to God, Bergsonian Philosophy and omism, Art and Scholasticism, A Christian Looks at the Jewish Question, Creative Intuition
in Art and Poetry, e Dream of Descartes, Distinguish to Unite or the Degrees of Knowledge, Education at the Crossroads, Existence and the Existent, e Peasant of the Garonne, e Person and the Common Good, A Preface to Metaphysics: Seven Lectures on Being, e Range of Reason, Scholasticism and Politics, Re ections on America, e Twilight of Civilization and Science and Wisdom.