William James (1842-1910) had a peripatetic childhood in which his father, the theologian Henry James, Sr, hustled him and his four younger siblings, among whom was the novelist Henry James, Jr, from one European nation to another in search of an adequate education. A" er a brief stint as a painting student of William Morris Hunt he entered the Lawrence Scienti# c School at Harvard in 1861. On graduation in 1864 he enrolled in the Harvard Medical School, completing the MD degree in 1869, with a year o% to participate in Louis Agassiz’s research expedition to Brazil. A" er su% ering serious ill health and depression from 1869 to 1872, he became an instructor in physiology at Harvard, where he spent his entire career until his retirement in 1907. He rapidly moved up the academic ladder, becoming an instructor in anatomy and physiology in 1873, assistant professor of physiology in 1876, assistant professor of philosophy in 1880 and full professor in 1885, and a professor of psychology in 1889.